Societies

7 results

Cesarean deliveries in India: too many and yet too few

Had India fallen prey to the epidemic of cesarean currently affecting many countries in the world? Thanks to the data issued from the latest National Family and Health Survey, Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Alexandre Dumont, both IRD researchers, have been able to chart some of the main trends and...

Leaving poverty behind: microcredit or unconditional gifts?

Sujet
During the International Year of Microcredit in 2005, the World Bank presented microcredit as an effective tool for fighting hunger and extreme poverty. Thirteen years later, what can we say on the subject? Does microcredit help raise people out of poverty? If not, what are the gaps in its...

Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos : Theories and battlegrounds in Africa

As an expert on African issues, the political scientist Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos is particularly interested in the armed conflicts breaking out on the continent and their consequences for people living there. Enjoy this interview with someone who loves their work and doesn’t hesitate to go...
trois-jeunes-indiennes-vues-de-dos

How the world deals with abortion

Voluntary termination of pregnancy is the subject of ideological debate as well as health policies. Demographer Agnès Guillaume, co-author with Clémentine Rossier of an extensive review of the subject*, sheds light on the right, access to and practice of abortion in the world today.
pollution-par-les-plastiques

Plastic in the Saigon River

While the plastic pollution of the oceans is widely covered in the media, freshwater pollution has a lower profile. For the first time, a recent study highlights the high level of micro and macro-plastic pollution of a tropical river running through a developing megalopolis.
fillette-indiennes

Discrimination against and abnormally high death rate of young girls in India

Research by demographers reveal the magnitude of the abnormally high rate linked to gender discrimination against young girls in some regions of India. It shows a nation geographically divided over this phenomenon and identifies the major socio-cultural factors related thereto.
aedes-albopictus

The Asian tiger mosquito enjoys car journeys

Original research shows the role of car journeys in the spread of the Asian tiger mosquito in Europe. Accustomed to freight transportation, this invasive species also uses passenger vehicles to propagate. It is seemingly found in 5 out of 1,000 cars.