Oceania

6 results

Leaving poverty behind: microcredit or unconditional gifts?

Sujet
During the International Year of Microcredit in 2005, the World Bank presented microcredit as an effective tool for fighting hunger and extreme poverty. Thirteen years later, what can we say on the subject? Does microcredit help raise people out of poverty? If not, what are the gaps in its...

4 per 1000 initiative

Capturing carbon in the air and storing it in the ground to fight climate change: this is the goal of the ambitious 4 per 1000 strategy. This initiative, the subject of an international research programme , is mobilising several teams at the IRD.
recif-moorea-2018

The resistance of the Moorea corals

Experts in ocean ecology are investigating the health of coral reefs, put to the test by the increase in natural and anthropogenic disturbances. While there is growing concern about their overall future, certain reefs resist repeated attack, but however lose their diversity.
black-bass

Biodiversity of freshwater fish in turmoil

In the last few centuries, 15% of new fish species have been introduced by Man into rivers across the world. Researchers have found that these introductions alter the ecosystem to a much larger extent than originally anticipated.
Etude des fonds coralliens en Nouvelle-Calédonie, dans le cadre du projet PRISTINE, 2013.

Effectiveness of marine reserves compromised by proximity to humans

The environmental benefits of marine reserves located near human populations are limited. This was demonstrated by researchers from the University of Montpellier, IRD and the University of New Caledonia, in conjunction with CNRS, as they studied 1,800 coral reefs, 106 of which were located in 20...
aedes-albopictus

The Asian tiger mosquito enjoys car journeys

Original research shows the role of car journeys in the spread of the Asian tiger mosquito in Europe. Accustomed to freight transportation, this invasive species also uses passenger vehicles to propagate. It is seemingly found in 5 out of 1,000 cars.